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Bunding

A bund is an embankment or dyke. Bunding refers to the construction of a thick wall including an embankment (a thick wall of earth), dyke (a thick wall), dam (a wall), levee (a raised bank), or weir (a low barrier), etc. that may restrict water flow over the ground and/or raise water levels. Bunds are often either earthen, rock, or concrete in material.

Bunding – Bund in a channel

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A bund observable in a channel generally orientated perpendicular to the course of the channel often raises or stabilises water levels immediately upstream of the bund by holding back water in the channel. The bund may result in the extension of water beyond existing channel boundaries.

Bund in a riverine channel - no change to wetland system

Bunds in a riverine channel generally orientated perpendicular to the course of the channel may raise or stabilise water levels immediately upstream of the bund by holding back water in the channel. In situations with smaller bunds where the water levels immediately upstream of the bund do not exceed two metres in depth or extend over eight hectares in size, the wetland upstream of the bund remains a riverine wetland system. However, the permanency of the water upstream of the bund and other wetland hydrological characteristics may change.

Applicable Wetland Habitat Hydrological Modification:

  • ‘Modified – bunding in a channel –riverine wetland with no system change’ (H2-M1-a)

Bund in a riverine channel - change to wetland system

Bunds in a riverine channel generally orientated perpendicular to the course of the channel may raise or stabilise water levels immediately upstream of the bund by holding back water in the channel. In situations with larger bunds where the water levels immediately upstream of the bund exceed two metres in depth or extend over eight hectares in size, the wetland immediately upstream of the bund changes to a lacustrine wetland system. There is no change to the wetland system downstream of the bund. The permanency of the water upstream of the bund and other wetland hydrological characteristics may change.

Applicable Wetland Habitat Hydrological Modification:

  • ‘Modified – bunding in a channel – riverine wetland with system change’ (H2-M1-e)

Bund in an intertidal channel

Bunds in an intertidal channel generally orientated perpendicular to the course of the channel may restrict the landward movement of tidal water in the channel. The wetland immediately upstream of the bund changes to a palustrine or lacustrine wetland system. The wetland downstream of the bund will remain an intertidal wetland system.

Applicable Wetland Habitat Hydrological Modification:

  • ‘Modified – bunding in a channel – intertidal wetland with system change’ (H2-M1-b)

Last updated: 7 June 2023

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment, Science and Innovation, Queensland (2023) Bunding – Bund in a channel, WetlandInfo website, accessed 1 February 2024. Available at: https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/ecology/processes-systems/anthropogenic/hydro-concept-mod/bunding/in-channel.html

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment, Science and Innovation