Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world—comparable to rainforests. While covering only 6% of the Earth's surface (approximately 4.1% of Queensland), wetlands provide a disproportionately high number of ecosystem services that benefit, sustain and support the environmental, social and economic well-being of people.
There are many types of wetlands ranging from rivers, swamps and lakes to estuaries and even coral reefs that also support a whole variety of different wetland plants and animals.
Wetland ecology looks at the interactions between organisms and their environment.
How wetlands function (processes)
Wetland (aquatic ecosystem) types
Flora, fauna, soils, water and more
Pages under this section
Last updated: 22 March 2013
This page should be cited as:
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2013) Wetland ecology, WetlandInfo website, accessed 13 April 2023. Available at: https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/ecology/