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Wetland ecology

Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world—comparable to rainforests. While covering only 6% of the Earth's surface (approximately 4.1% of Queensland), wetlands provide a disproportionately high number of ecosystem services that benefit, sustain and support the environmental, social and economic well-being of people.

There are many types of wetlands ranging from rivers, swamps and lakes to estuaries and even coral reefs that also support a whole variety of different wetland plants and animals.

Wetland ecology looks at the interactions between organisms and their environment[1].

Whistling ducks, Photo by David Scheltinga

Quick facts

>1 million
species in Australia
known animal species under threat in Australia
known plant species under threat in Australia
At least 114
plants and animal species already extinct in Australia[2]

Pages under this section


  1. ^ University of Utah. Ecology of the Environment [Accessed 30 October 2012].
  2. ^ Australian Government, (11 March 2011). Threatened species and ecological communities in Australia. [online] Available at: [Accessed 20 February 2013].

Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2013) Wetland ecology, WetlandInfo website, accessed 13 April 2023. Available at:

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science