Estuarine wetlands are those with marine or oceanic water which is diluted with freshwater run-off from the land. It is usually an area where a river meets the sea providing an important habitat for many species. Many commercial species such as fish, crabs, prawns etc. start their life in estuarine areas. Mangroves are usually the most common vegetation as they are specially designed to deal with the high levels of salt found in the water and the often water-logged environment. These areas are also important when it comes to protecting the coastline from storm surges, cyclones etc.
Queensland Intertidal and Subtidal Classification Scheme
The Queensland Intertidal and Subtidal Ecosystem Classification Scheme uses the biological, physical and chemical characteristics of the water column and sea floor to classify intertidal and subtidal ecosystems, which includes estuarine and marine environments. The scheme develops a common understanding and language of classification to improve communication and lead to better management outcomes. It provides a structured framework and understanding available for mapping.
Module 1—Introduction and implementation of intertidal and subtidal ecosystem classification is split into two parts. Part 1 of the module introduces the classification scheme, outlines key principles and concepts, and describes how the scheme was developed. Part 2 of the module describes the process of implementing the scheme, including how to develop a classification system, creating a typology, and mapping the final outputs and ecosystem types.
The OzCoasts website provides conceptual diagrams depicting estuarine wetland processes, threats and stressors, including a range of geomorphic conceptual models for each of the seven types of Australian estuaries and coastal waterways. The descriptions supporting these diagrams also contain extensive amounts of useful information.
Last updated: 10 April 2017
This page should be cited as:
Estuarine ecology, WetlandInfo 2013, Department of Environment and Science, Queensland, viewed 11 February 2019, .