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How wetlands function (processes)

Environmental processes include the ecological, physical and chemical processes that help form, maintain and support a system. Ecological processes include all those processes that occur between organisms and within and between populations and communities, including interactions with the non-living environment that result in existing ecosystems and bring about changes in ecosystems over time (adapted from[2][1]).

2011 flood Barellan Point Photo by Cathy Ellis

Quick facts

Ecosystem functions
is a another term for environmental processes or groups of environmental processes.

In some cases it may be necessary to consider broader environmental processes that may be physical or chemical and not directly involve organisms. Environmental processes play a key role in influencing the extent, condition and biodiversity of ecosystems[3]. You can find out more about various processes such as:

Pages under this section


  1. ^ Australian Natural Heritage Charter for the conservation of places of natural heritage significance – second edition 2002, Australian Heritage Commission, Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra, ACT.
  2. ^ National Framework and Guidance for Describing the Ecological Character of Australia’s Ramsar Wetlands. Aquatic Ecosystems Toolkit Module 2: Interim Australian National Aquatic Ecosystem (ANAE) Classification Framework 2008, Australian Government, Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), Canberra, ACT, <>.
  3. ^ Plant, R, Taylor, C, Hamstead, M & Prior, T 2012, Recognising the broader benefits of aquatic systems in water planning: an ecosystem services approach. Waterlines report, National Water Commission, Canberra, ACT.

Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

How wetlands function (processes), WetlandInfo, Department of Environment and Science, Queensland, viewed 11 February 2019, <>.

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science