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Palustrine ecology

Palustrine wetlands are what many people traditionally think of as a wetland—they are vegetated, non-riverine or non-channel systems. They include billabongs, swamps, bogs, springs, soaks etc. and have more than 30% emergent vegetation. They are an important part of the landscape and provide habitat and breeding areas for a wide variety of species.

To find out more about palustrine systems in Queensland choose a wetland type conceptual model below.


Coastal subcoastal grass sedge herb swamp Photo by Lana Heydon

Quick facts

Mutton Hole Wetlands
covers 9000ha in the Gulf Plains bioregion and are significant habitat for a variety of water-birds e.g. sarus cranes, brolgas and waders. The wetlands are listed under the National Estate and show how local community, business and government can work together to protect important natural and cultural values.[1]

The conceptual models below show information about hydrology, geomorphology, flora, fauna, nutrient dynamics and other aspects of natural palustrine wetland ecology.

Coastal and subcoastal

Floodplain swamps

Non-floodplain swamps

Arid and semi-arid


The The Development of Semi-Arid and Arid Wetland Conceptual Models report is also available and is primarily concerned with the water resources in the Darling River basin including the Border Rivers, Moonie, Gwydir, Namoi-Peel, Macquarie, Castlereagh, Condamine-Balonne, Nebine, Warrego, Paroo, Barwon-Darling and the Lower Darling sub-basins.

Additional information

Pages under this section


  1. ^ Karumba Progress Association (2008), Kurumba: The amazing Kurumba environment. [online], Karumba Progress Association. Available at: [Accessed 30 August 2012].

Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment, Science and Innovation, Queensland (2013) Palustrine ecology, WetlandInfo website, accessed 25 June 2024. Available at:

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment, Science and Innovation