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Rock ramp fishway

Rock ramp fishway – Key considerations

Rock Ramp examples: <br>
		1. Left: full width lateral ridge rock ramp, Condamine Weir, Condamine, Queensland<br> 
		2. Top right: partial width lateral ridge rock ramp, Goondiwindi weir, Macintyre River, Queensland<br> 
		3. Bottom right: full width rock ramp fishway with low flow lateral ridge channel down the centre and high flow random rock graded ramp on both banks, Clews Road, Murray Creek, Queensland Photo by 1 and 2 Janice Kerr and 3 Matthew Moore

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Fishway interpretive signage to demonstrate how rock ramp fishways work (developed by Mackay Regional Council, Reef Catchments NRM and Catchment Solutions, Tedlands Wetland), Queensland Photo by Matthew MooreIn addition to the general information for all fishway types, the following applies to rock ramp fishways.

Requirements for effective passage

A low gradient is essential for successful rock ramp fishways. It is also important to have high and low-flow slots between the ridge rocks[1].

Suitability and limitations

The irregular placement of rocks in the fishway provides a range of alternative water velocities and depths to cater for differing behaviour of fish and other aquatic species negotiating the barrier. The larger and stronger swimming fish use the deeper, higher water velocity sections, and the smaller and weaker swimming fish use the shallower, lower water velocity sections[3][4].

Rock ramp fishways are generally considered effective for the whole fish community, particularly juvenile diadromous and small bodied species (see monitoring section)[2]Hilliards Creek Fishway explained (Redlands Shire Council, Australian Government and Catchment Solutions) Photo by Matthew Moore.

This type of fishway has a reasonably high degree of redundancy (i.e. if partly blocked by debris, etc., will still function in rest of fishway), however, as with all fishways does require routine maintenance.

A rock supply is required relatively close to site as this is a major cost consideration and a range of rock sizes are required including a well-graded rock mix to secure ridge and wall rocks.

There are many rock ramp fishways across Queensland, mostly in the Burdekin, Fitzroy and Mackay-Whitsunday regions, but also the South East Queensland, Southern Gulf, Wet Tropics, Southern Queensland, Desert Channels, Cape York and Northern Gulf regions. Nearly all are constructed of rock (embedded by concrete), as opposed Full width rock ramp fishway designed to remediate water surface drop on downstream side of culvert apron and remediate velocity barrier within pipe culverts by increasing depth in culverts (Leitchs Crossing, South Pine River, Queensland) Photo by Matthew Mooreto prefabricated concrete blocks, and several operate in conjunction with a different type of fishway. For example, rock ramps with cone fishways (e.g. Seaforth and Jolimont creeks in the Mackay-Whitsunday region) and rock ramps with culverts (e.g. Kirknie Creek in the Burdekin region, Stoney Creek in the Fitzroy region and Leitchs Crossing on the South Pine River in South East Queensland), and a rock ramp with a mechanical and cone fishway on Cedar Grove in South East Queensland.

One limitation of rock ramp fishways on weirs and dams is that they normally do not allow for low headwater levels (i.e. levels below full supply of the storage).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disclaimer: In addition to the standard disclaimer located at the bottom of the page, please note the Fishways (biopassage structures) disclaimer.


References

  1. ^ Jones, M, O'Connor, JP & Arthur Rylah Institute for Environmental Research (2017), Monitoring the performance of fishways and fish passage works. [online] Available at: https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-664272102 [Accessed 1 March 2021].
  2. ^ Moore, M, McCann, J & Power, T (2018), Greater-Brisbane-Fish-Barrier-Prioritisation-Report.pdf. [online] Available at: http://catchmentsolutions.com.au/files/2018/05/Greater-Brisbane-Fish-Barrier-Prioritisation-Report.pdf [Accessed 11 November 2020].
  3. ^ O'Brien, T (1998), Fish passage on small instream structures, notes prepared for Department of Natural Resources and Environment Victoria.
  4. ^ Thorncraft, G, Harris, JH & Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology (Australia) (2000), Fish passage and fishways in New South Wales - a status report, Cooperative Research Centre for Freshwater Ecology, Albury, N.S.W..

Last updated: 10 May 2021

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2021) Rock ramp fishway – Key considerations, WetlandInfo website, accessed 13 May 2021. Available at: https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/management/fish-passage/technologies/fishway-options/rock-ramp/key-considerations.html

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science