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Micro-nutrient dosing

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Before and after photo of water body. Photo by Simon Tannock

Inorganic micro-nutrient fertiliser dosing

Description

Inorganic micro-nutrient dosing boosts diatom growth with the result that inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus (N and P) concentrations in the waterbody are reduced as diatoms take up these macronutrients when they grow. As the diatoms preferentially take up nutrients, undesirable cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are reduced[1].

Dosing station. Photo by Simon Tannock

Micro-nutrient dosing uses a range of micro-nutrients specifically selected to promote plant and diatom growth. Using nano-technology, these micro-nutrients are adsorbed to nano-scale gels of silica. This makes the nutrients chemically unavailable unless the silica gel is utilised by the diatoms. As diatoms are the only microalgae or cyanobacteria to have a requirement for silica, only the diatoms receive a boost from the micro-nutrients.

When the diatoms get the micro-nutrients they are able to grow more (on a biomass basis) than if they were micro-nutrient deficient. Therefore they take up more inorganic Nitrogen and Phosphorus from the water to support their growth. As the diatoms are the basis of many food webs, they provide a bioavailable/readily mobile way to move the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorus into the food chain. Further research is required to determine the fate of the nutrients.

This treatment technology was originally designed to control blue-green algae blooms, but with a reduced concentration of N and P in the water, growth of other algae and macrophytes are reduced.

The main services that micro-nutrient dosing include:

  • Blue green algae (Cyanobacteria) control
  • Reduction of inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in water.

  • Water treatment via nutrient uptake into food chain

 

Disclaimer

In addition to the standard disclaimer located at the bottom of the page, please note the content presented is based on published knowledge of treatment systems. Many of the treatment systems described have not been trialled in different regions or land uses in Queensland. The information will be updated as new trials are conducted and monitored. If you have any additional information on treatment systems or suggestions for additional technologies please contact us using the feedback link at the bottom of this page.

 


References

  1. ^ Tannock, S 2016, Presentation to the Treatment Systems in Coastal Catchment Forum, Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, <https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/management/treatment-systems/for-agriculture/treatment-sys-nav-page/treatment-forum/index.html>.

Last updated: 5 October 2018

This page should be cited as:

Micro-nutrient dosing, WetlandInfo 2018, Department of Environment and Science, Queensland, viewed 11 February 2019, <https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/management/treatment-systems/for-agriculture/treatment-sys-nav-page/altering-trophic-processes/>.

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science