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East Asian–Australasian Flyway Partnership

The Partnership for the East Asian–Australasian Flyway maintains an informal voluntary network of sites that are recognised as internationally important for waterbirds that migrate along the East Asian–Australian Flyway.

Flyway sites in Australia
Map by EAAFP Secretariat

Quick facts

Quick fact
Australia has designated 20 wetlands to the Flyway Site Network and seven of these are in Queensland:

Flyway site network

The criteria for nominating sites to the Flyway Site Network are similar to those of the Ramsar Convention, e.g. supporting 1% of the population size of a migratory waterbird in the Flyway and/or >20,000 waterbirds. Sites may be nominated by Partner Governments and presently over 120 have been designated, from New Zealand to Alaska and Russia.

In Australia, wetlands are nominated to the Network with the consent of the wetland owner/manager and endorsement of the State Government. The Federal Government submits the nomination to the Partnership Secretariat. At both national level and in Queensland, there are no legally binding implications for sites designated in the Flyway Site Network. In terms of management, owners/managers are not required to alter their existing land-use or provide any formal plans. They are encouraged to protect the migratory waterbirds for which the site was listed, and their habitats, through voluntarily applying wise use principles.

Most of Australia’s migratory waterbirds are shorebirds and in Queensland all of the Flyway Network Sites have been designated on the basis of numbers of migratory shorebirds at the site. The Nijinda Durlga (Tarrant) site (added in 2016), comprises 40000 ha of intertidal and saltmarsh flats on the South-East Gulf of Carpentaria coast north of Burketown and meets Network criteria for 7 species: Far eastern curlew (Critically Endangered), great knot, red knot, bar-tailed godwit, lesser sand plover, greater sand plover and curlew sandpiper.

Delta Downs and Nijinda Durlga (Tarrant) Flyway

Out of the seven Flyway Sites in Queensland, five of these are Ramsar listed wetlands and/or are listed as Queensland Government protected areas - Moreton Bay, Great Sandy Strait, Bowling Green Bay, Shoalwater Bay and Currawinya National Park.

Two sites added to the Flyway Site Network in the South East Gulf are unique as they are not already Ramsar listed or on Queensland Government managed protected areas and are Indigenous Managed Land. These nominations were put forward by the Carpentaria Land Council Aboriginal Corporation with the support of Traditional Owners (Kurtijar, Gangalidda and Garawa) and Local Government. Data collected by the Queensland Wader Study Group was essential in supporting the nominations.

A site near Karumba (Delta Downs) was added in 2015, and includes 20,000 hectares of wetlands and is important for species such as the far eastern curlew and the great knot. The Kurtijar Indigenous People run Delta Downs and are working with graziers, ornithologists and the Queensland Government to improve management for migratory shorebirds and raise public awareness of Delta Downs feathered visitors. Benefits from the inclusion of the site in the network include raising the profile of the south-east Gulf at multiple levels, and opportunities for linking the site managers and local community to sites and people in other countries of the flyway. 

A site in the South East Gulf of Carpentaria (Nijinda Durlga (Tarrant)) was added on 25 October 2016, and includes approximately 40,000ha of wetland habitat. “Tarrant” is part of the Nijinda Durlga Indigenous Protected Area is managed by the Gangalidda and Garawa Indigenous People.  The site comprises an important section of the South-East Gulf of Carpentaria shorebird area, with two major roosts of migratory shorebirds, and includes extensive intertidal mud and sand flats backed by mangroves, bare salt flats and some shelly beaches. Over 10,000 migratory shorebirds of at least 16 species feed and roost in the site, and based on leg flag re-sightings in other parts of the South-East Gulf, some presumably travel on to south-eastern Australia and/or to New Zealand.  

Additional information

Last updated: 20 December 2016

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2016) East Asian–Australasian Flyway Partnership, WetlandInfo website, accessed 24 September 2020. Available at:

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science