The vulnerability of a wetland to nitrogen is dependent on:
light availability—in highly turbid, well shaded or deep water, light is the limiting factor in terms of primary production within the water column (e.g. increased nutrient concentrations will have limited or no effect on primary production). However, in clear, unshaded shallow waters nitrogen generally limits primary production
water residence time, flushing rate and dilution factors which all help determine the vulnerability of a wetland to nitorgen. Longer residence times, poor flushing and low dilution result in higher levels of vulnerability as nitrogen is in the system for a longer period and therefore more of it can be taken up by plants and algae which may result in blooms.
nitrogen bioavailability and speciation—some nutrients, such as dissolved phosphorus, are more readily available for plant uptake than others.
Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2020) Nitrogen – Vulnerability, WetlandInfo website, accessed 1 February 2023. Available at: https://wetlandinfo.des.qld.gov.au/wetlands/management/pressures/nitrogen/vulnerability.html