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Algae treatment

Algae treatment — Links and references

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Alcántara, C, Muñoz, R. Norvill, ZPlouviez, M,  Guieysse, B, 2015, Nitrous oxide emissions from high rate algal ponds treating domestic wastewater, Bioresource Technology 177 (2015) 110–117

Ben Chekroun, K, Sánchez, E,and Baghour, M, 2014, The role of algae in bioremediation of organic pollutants, International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health Vol.1 (2), pp. 19-32,April 2014

Bolton J.J, Robertson-Andersson, D.,  Shuuluka, D, and Kandjengo, L, 2009, Growing Ulva (Chlorophyta) in integrated systems as a commercial crop for abalone feed in South Africa: a SWOT analysis, J Appl Phycol (2009) 21:575–583

Cole, AJ, de Nys, R, and Paul NA, 2015, Biorecovery of nutrient waste as protein in freshwater macroalgae, Algal Research 7 (2015) 58–65

Cole, AJ, de Nys, R, and Paul, NA, 2014, Removing Constraints on the Biomass Production of Freshwater Macroalgae by Manipulating Water Exchange to Manage Nutrient Flux. PLoS ONE 9(7): e101284

Cole, Andrew J., Nicolas Neveux, Anna Whelan, Jeff Morton, Mark Vis, Rocky de Nys, Nicholas A. Paul, 2016 Adding value to the treatment of municipal wastewater through the intensive production of freshwater macroalgae, Algal Research, Volume 20, 2016, Pages 100-109

Craggs, R,Sutherland, D, and Campbell, H, 2012, Hectare-scale demonstration of high rate algal ponds for enhanced wastewater treatment and biofuel production, J Appl Phycol (2012) 24:329–337

Craggs, R,  Park, J, and Sutherland, D, and Heubeck, S, 2015, Economic construction and operation of hectare-scale wastewater treatment enhanced pond systems, J Appl Phycol (2015) 27:1913–1922

de Nys, Rocky 2018 ‘Bioremediation of wastewater using freshwater macroalgae’ Treatment Systems for water quality improvement - Regional Forum July 2018, Townsville.

Lawton RJ, de Nys, R, Paul, NA, 2013, Selecting Reliable and Robust Freshwater Macroalgae for Biomass Applications. PLoS ONE 8(5):e64168

Lawton, R., Mata, L., de Nys, R. and Paul, N.A., 2013, Algal Bioremediation of Waste Waters from Land-Based Aquaculture Using Ulva: Selecting Target Species and Strains. PLoS One 8(10): e77344

Lawton, R, 2015, Reduction of nutrient loads in sugarcane run-off water through algal bioremediation. Report by MACRO — the Centre for Macroalgal Resources and Biotechnology, James Cook University, Queensland

Lawson, A, 2016, Bioremediation using freshwater algae. Presentation to the Treatment Systems in Coastal Catchments Forum hosted by the Department of Environment and Heritage Protection, Brisbane, 8 July 2016

Liffman, K, Paterson, DA, Liovic, P, and Bandopadhayay, P, 2013, Comparing the energy efficiency of different high rate algal raceway pond designs using computational fluid dynamics, Chemical Engineering Research and Design 91 (2013) 221–226

Neveux, N, Magnussona, M, Mata, L, Whelan, A, de Nys, R, Paul, NA, 2016, The treatment of municipal wastewater by the macroalga Oedogonium sp. and its potential for the production of biocrude, Algal Research 13 (2016) 284–292

Neveux, N., Nugroho, A.A., Roberts, D.A. M. J. Vucko & R. de Nys 2019 Selecting extraction conditions for the production of liquid biostimulants from the freshwater macroalga Oedogonium intermedium. J Appl Phycol 32, 539–551 (2020).

Park, JBK, Craggs, RJ, and Shilton, AN, 2011, Wastewater treatment high rate algal ponds for biofuel production, Bioresource Technology 102 (2011) 35–42

Rai, PK, and Tripathi, BD, 2007, Removal of heavy metals by the nuisance cyanobacteria Microcystis in continuous cultures: an eco-sustainable technology, Environmental Sciences, 4:1, 53-59

Rickert, A, and McShane, T, 2015, Remediation of Agricultural Irrigation Runoff Using High Rate Algal Ponds, A feasibility study, Burdekin-Bowen Integrated Floodplain Management Advisory Committee (BBIFMAC), December 2015

Roberts, DA, Paul, NA, Bird, M.I. and de Nys, R, 2015, Bioremediation for coal-fired power stations using macroalgae, Journal of Environmental Management 153 (2015) 25e32

South Australian Local Government Association, 2020 High rate algal pond (HRAP) design guideline. Government of South Australia, Adelaide, 24pg.

Sutherland, DL,& Howard-Williams, C, Turnbull, MH, Broady, PA, and  Craggs, RJ, 2014, Seasonal variation in light utilisation, biomass production and nutrient removal by wastewater microalgae in a full-scale high-rate algal pond, J Appl Phycol (2014) 26:1317–1329

Zeraatkar, AK, Ahmadzadeh, H, Talebi, AF, Moheimani, NR, McHenry, MP, 2016, Potential use of algae for heavy metal bioremediation, a critical review, Journal of Environmental Management Volume 181, 1 October 2016, Pages 817-831

Main illustration by Lana Baskerville using IAN symbols library.


In addition to the standard disclaimer located at the bottom of the page, please note the content presented is based on published knowledge of treatment systems. Many of the treatment systems described have not been trialled in different regions or land uses in Queensland. The information will be updated as new trials are conducted and monitored. If you have any additional information on treatment systems or suggestions for additional technologies please contact us using the feedback link at the bottom of this page.

Last updated: 10 June 2022

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment, Science and Innovation, Queensland (2022) Algae treatment — Links and references, WetlandInfo website, accessed 18 March 2024. Available at:

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment, Science and Innovation