Step 1: Determine the purpose or outcome (purpose)
Things to think about
The clearer the purpose, the easier it is to identify and implement management actions. The purpose for wetland rehabilitation needs to be very clearly stated at the start and should be linked to desired services or value to be achieve e.g. better biodiversity outcomes. Linking wetland rehabilitation to services and values enables the investigation into potential threats which is crucial as sometimes the removal or change to some perceived threats may not result in the desired or expected outcomes e.g. the inclusion of a barrier to help a rare fish species by reducing predators instead changes the breeding cycle (due to associated changes in the hydrology) and the rare fish species declines in number.
Some wetland management decisions favour either wetland conversion or management for a single ecosystem service such as water supply or food production. As wetlands become scarcer, and under increasing more pressure, and as we develop a better understanding of the full range of values provided by them, the best options should increasingly involve managing wetlands for a broader array of services and in alignment with the wise use principles of the Ramsar Convention.
A common duel use includes returning a system to its natural (or near-natural) state, to enhance opportunities for wildlife, while enhancing recreational opportunities. But there are many other values associated with wetlands such as flood mitigation, sediment and nutrient removal, erosion control, coastal shoreline and bank stabilization and storm protection, water supply, tourism.
The objective of some rehabilitation projects is to fully recreate the native vegetation believed to have occupied the site before it was degraded. However, comprehensive restoration of all plants species can be difficult and costly. In contrast, other forms of rehabilitation only go part way to re-establishing a diverse ecosystem. For example, the greatest diversity of plants is found within the groundcover of a high quality ecosystems (grasses, lilies and sedges) and a diverse riparian understory can be the most difficult to restore so the riparian revegetation may focus on rapidly growing pioneer and climax species of trees. With these in place, understory can usually naturally re-establish at no cost.
Last updated: 10 September 2018
This page should be cited as:
Step 1: Determine the purpose or outcome (purpose), WetlandInfo 2018, Department of Environment and Science, Queensland, viewed 14 December 2018, .