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Western Cape and Gulf Freshwater Biogeographic Province

Western Cape and Gulf Freshwater Biogeographic Province

Wet season (Jan-Mar) Average temperature (25°) Temperature varies along a west east gradient Width of riparian zone (37m) Small trees Grasses Low relief ratio Percentage of water which is base flow (8%) Annual spate duration (1 month) Annual no-flow duration (7 months) Sandstone Clay High macroinvertebrate richness Turbidity variable through region Turbidity variable through region Large woody debris cover (8%) Submerged and emergent macrophyte growth forms dominant Concave bank shape category Convex bank shape category Dominant bank slope (10°-80°) Fauna Fauna

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The Western Cape and Gulf Freshwater Biogeographic Province (FBP) consists of many drainage basins including the Settlement, Mornington Island, Nicholson, Leichardt, Morning, Flinders, Norman, Gilbert, Staaten, Mitchell, Coleman, Holroyd, Archer, Watson, Embley, Wenlock, Ducie, and Normanby. The FBP is located in the north-west of the state and includes the western part of Cape York Peninsula, Gulf Plains, Northwest Highlands, Mitchell Grass Downs, Einasleigh Uplands vegetation bioregions and a very small portion of the Wet Tropics and Desert Uplands vegetation bioregions.

Last updated: 22 March 2013

This page should be cited as:

Department of Environment and Science, Queensland (2013) Western Cape and Gulf Freshwater Biogeographic Province, WetlandInfo website, accessed 13 April 2023. Available at:

Queensland Government
WetlandInfo   —   Department of Environment and Science